Weatherman predicts dry Conditions in Uganda

Meteorologists have predicted dry and much warmer conditions to persist in mid-January.  

According to a ten-day forecast of rainfall and temperature, we are expecting dry conditions and much warmer conditions to persist in mid January just like in the past ten days of this month.

“This is partly due to persistently clear-sky conditions over most areas in the country allowing large amounts of sun’s energy to reach the surface, which is absorbed, but later emitted by the ground, thus warming the air above it,” reads a statement issued by Uganda National Meteorological Authority.

According to UNMA, the rain belt is currently in southern Africa and our geographical location on equator also implies that the overhead sun simply oscillates from horizon to nearly high overhead in the sky with sufficient incoming sun’s energy at present received at the top of the atmosphere. More sun’s energy results in increased evaporation and reduced moisture in the soil.

However, the current rainfall forecast portrays a continuation of dry conditions in northern, north eastern and eastern including central with erratic and light rain expected in some areas in south western and central western. For details refer to figure 1 below:

. Ten-day forecast of temperature extremes (11 – 20 th January 2022)

Several areas in eastern and northern parts of the country, from the north of Lake Kyoga upto the border with South Sudan are expected to experience slightly much higher temperatures than the rest of the country with their maximum temperatures ranging from 28 to 32 degrees centigrade (0C) or even beyond.

This has a potential implication on evaporation rates leading to much drier conditions and intense heat because of lower elevation, limited forest tree cover to intercept sun’s rays delivering heat energy and cloudless skies.

The lowest temperatures of about 8 to 12 degrees centigrade are forecast to occur over the highlands of the Rwenzori, Kigezi, Elgon , central western, and the districts of Kaabong and Karenga due to the influence of altitude. Refer to figures 2a and 2b below for further information.

Expected implications of ten day  forecast of Mid-January, 2022:

  • Continuation of dry conditions blended with scorching and inconveniencing heat for both human beings and livestock in all regions of the country. Therefore, use of umbrellas, light clothes and regularly drinking water is encouraged to reduce discomfort from heat and higher evaporation rates.
  • Livestock keepers should endeavor to tether their livestock closer to big trees from 12.00 noon up to 5.p.m to provide them with shelter and these animals should also be given sufficient water to drink.
  • Monitor and report any emergence of crop and animal diseases, parasites and pests to technical staff at sub-county and district for action
  • Communities living adjacent to a number of water sources in the country are advised to undertake vegetable growing through localised irrigation during this dry season both for home consumption and income generation.

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